Periodontics deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Gum disease is a surprisingly common problem, and left untreated can seriously affect the gums and and supporting tissues that can lead to teeth becoming loose and may eventually fall out.
The main cause of gum disease is a build-up of dental plaque. Plaque is an almost invisible sticky film of bacteria which constantly forms on the surface of our teeth and gums and causes the enamel to decay. If plaque is allowed to remain on the teeth, and not removed by regular brushing and flossing, the plaque can irritate the gums extending below the gum line, creating pockets